What gases affect the nervous system?
High COHb concentrations are poisonous. Central nervous system (CNS) effects in individuals suffering acute CO poisoning cover a wide range, depending on severity of exposure: headache, dizziness, weakness, nausea, vomiting, disorientation, confusion, collapse, and coma.
How does Sarin affect the nervous system?
Exposure to high doses of sarin can result in tremors, seizures, and hypothermia. A more severe effect of sarin is the build-up of ACh in the central nervous system (CNS) which causes paralysis and ultimately peripherally-mediated respiratory arrest, leading to death.
Is Sarin a nerve agent?
Sarin is a human-made chemical warfare agent classified as a nerve agent. Nerve agents are the most toxic and rapidly acting of the known chemical warfare agents.
Can gas affect the nervous system?
After chronic exposure to low levels of nerve gas, victims suffer from a variety of neurological and mental disorders including; depression, insomnia, loss of memory, mental confusion and cognitive problems.
What is the antidote for sarin?
ANTIDOTE: Atropine and pralidoxime chloride (2-PAM Cl) are antidotes for nerve agent toxicity; however, 2-PAM Cl must be administered within minutes to a few hours (depending on the agent) following exposure to be effective.
Why is sarin called GB?
Sarin, also known as GB, is part of a class of chemical weapons called G-series nerve agents that were developed during World War Two and were named for the German scientists who synthesized them.
Is there an antidote for sarin gas?
How is mustard gas harmful to the human body?
39472-40-7, 68157-62-0, 69020-37-7, 172672-70-7 Mustard gas is a clear amber colored oily liquid with a faint odor of mustard/garlic. It is not readily combustible. Its vapors are heavier than air, are very toxic, and can be absorbed through the skin. The effects from exposure to the material include blindness which may be delayed.
What’s the name of the gas that smells like mustard?
They are called vesicants or blistering agents. Sulfur mustard is also known as “mustard gas or mustard agent,” or by the military designations H, HD, and HT. Sulfur mustard sometimes smells like garlic, onions, or mustard and sometimes has no odor. It can be a vapor (the gaseous form of a liquid), an oily-textured liquid, or a solid.
What kind of chemical warfare agent is mustard gas?
Sulfur mustard, commonly known as mustard gas, is the prototypical substance of the sulfur-based family of cytotoxic and vesicant chemical warfare agents known as the sulfur mustards which have the ability to form large blisters on exposed skin and in the lungs.
What happens to your body when you eat sulfur mustard?
This causes decreased formation of blood cells (aplastic anemia) or decreased red or white blood cells and platelets (pancytopenia). Sulfur mustard vapor is heavier than air, so it will settle in low-lying areas. Exposure to sulfur mustard usually is not fatal.