Which country claims to have dismantled all its nuclear weapons?
South African government
Before the anticipated changeover to a majority-elected African National Congress–led government in the 1990s, the South African government dismantled all of its nuclear weapons, the first state in the world which voluntarily gave up all nuclear arms it had developed itself.
Are IAEA inspections helpful in countering nuclear weapons?
Inspections by an impartial, credible third party have been a cornerstone of international nuclear arms control agreements for decades. Where the intent exists to develop a clandestine nuclear weapons program, inspections serve effectively as a means of both detection and deterrence.
What is the main purpose of comprehensive safeguards agreements?
Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement (CSA) A CSA also gives the IAEA the authority to independently verify that all nuclear material in the territory or jurisdictional control of a state is not diverted for nuclear weapons or explosives purposes and that nuclear facilities are not misused.
What is additional protocol?
The Additional Protocol is not a stand-alone agreement, but rather a protocol to a safeguards agreement that provides additional tools for verification. In particular, it significantly increases the IAEA’s ability to verify the peaceful use of all nuclear material in States with comprehensive safeguards agreements.
What are the three categories of safeguards agreements?
The IAEA concludes three types of safeguards agreements:
- comprehensive safeguards agreements with non-nuclear-weapon State parties to the NPT;
- voluntary offer safeguards agreements with the nuclear-weapon State parties to the NPT; and.
- item-specific safeguards agreements with non-NPT States.
What is safeguards Agreement?
Under a comprehensive safeguards agreement, the IAEA has the right and obligation to ensure that safeguards are applied on all nuclear material in the territory, jurisdiction or control of the State for the exclusive purpose of verifying that such material is not diverted to nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive …
What is Additional Protocol IAEA?
The Additional Protocol is a legal document granting the IAEA complementary inspection authority to that provided in underlying safeguards agreements. A principal aim is to enable the IAEA inspectorate to provide assurance about both declared and possible undeclared activities.
Who are the five countries that have nuclear weapons?
The nuclear-weapon states (NWS) are the five states—China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, and the United States—officially recognized as possessing nuclear weapons by the NPT.
When did the UN weapons inspectors leave Iraq?
Iraq continued to harass, hinder, and frustrate inspectors until late 1998, when the inspectors withdrew from Iraq just hours before the United States and the United Kingdom launched three days of military strikes against Iraq for its noncooperation.
Why are countries opposed to the proliferation of nuclear weapons?
Proliferation has been opposed by many nations with and without nuclear weapons, as governments fear that more countries with nuclear weapons will increase the possibility of nuclear warfare (up to and including the so-called ” countervalue ” targeting of civilians with nuclear weapons), de-stabilize international…
Who was the first country to test a nuclear weapon?
The United Kingdom first tested a nuclear weapon in October 1952. France first tested a nuclear weapon in 1960. The People’s Republic of China detonated a nuclear weapon in 1964.