What is the main ingredient in explosives?

What is the main ingredient in explosives?

Ammonium nitrate
Ammonium nitrate (AN) is the most popular ingredient of commercial explosives. Pure AN is not treated as an explosive compound but a slight organic or inorganic addition makes the mixture capable of explosion.

What chemicals are used in explosives?


Explosives Based on Nitrogen Formula wt % O
Ammonium nitrate (AN) H4N2O3 59.97
Ammonium picrate (Expl D) C6H6N4O7 45.5
Cyclonite (RDX) C3H6N6O6 43.22
Ethylenediamine dinitrate C2H10N4O6 51.58

What is C4 made of?

Composition C4 is a plastic explosive used in military operations. C4 is composed of RDX (91%), dioctyl sebacate (5.3%), polyisobutylene (2.1%), and mineral/motor oil (1.6%) [1].

What are most plastic explosives?

The main explosive components of plastic explosives are RDX and PETN. Sometimes a mixture of RDX and PETN is used; both explosives are used in SEMTEX H and also in some types of military plastic explosives.

What are the three types of explosives?

There are three fundamental types: mechanical, nuclear, and chemical. A mechanical explosive is one that depends on a physical reaction, such as overloading a container with compressed air.

What are examples of low explosives?

Examples of Low Explosives include: Black Powder, Smokeless Powder, and Flash Powder.

What is the most dangerous explosive?

Azidoazide azide
Azidoazide azide has been called “the most dangerous explosive material in the world.” It is also No. 3 in K. S. Lane’s list “The 10 Most Dangerous Chemicals Known to Man”….Azidoazide azide fast facts.

CAS Reg. No. 1306278-47-6
Melting point 78 ºC
Water solubility Dec. to HN3

Is C-4 poisonous?

Composition C4 explosives are poisonous and dangerous if chewed or ingested; their detonation or burning produces poisonous fumes. STATUS: In production to support peacetime losses. C4 will replace current stocks of TNT, PETN, and Military Dynamite.

Which is more powerful C-4 or Semtex?

Based on RE it would appear that Semtex is a more powerful explosive, since it contains a proportion of PETN which is marginally more powerful than RDX which comprises all of C-4’s explosive material.

Is C4 a plastic?

C4 is an RDX based plastic explosive that is mouldable by hand to form demolition charges of various shapes and weights for EOD or general demolition tasks. C4 is waterproof and may be used underwater if necessary.

What kind of material is a plastic explosive?

The specific explosive, Composition C, was 88.3% RDX and 11.7% non-oily, non-explosive plasticizer. The material was plastic between 0 and 40 degrees C, but was brittle at colder temperatures and gummy at higher temperatures. Composition C was superseded by Composition C2, which used a mixture of 80% RDX and 20% plasticizer.

What are the ingredients that make up plastic?

Plastic is derived from organic substances including crude oil, salt, cellulose, coal and natural gas. Crude oil, one of the main ingredients of plastic, is a complex compound that must be broken down into fractions (mixtures of compounds made up of carbon and hydrogen) in order to be used effectively. There are two…

Who was the first person to invent plastic explosives?

History. The first plastic explosive was gelignite, invented by Alfred Nobel in 1875. Prior to World War I, the British explosives chemist Oswald Silberrad obtained British and U.S. patents for a series of plastic explosives called “Nitrols”, composed of nitrated aromatics, collodion, and oxidising inorganic salts.

What kind of explosives can you make out of bleach?

Potassium chlorate is an extremely volatile explosive compound, and has been used in the past as the main explosive filler in grenades, land mines, and mortar rounds by such countries as France and Germany. Common household bleach contains a small amount of potassium chlorate, which can be extracted by the procedure that follows.