What elements makes mustard gas?
Phosgene gas, also known as mustard gas, is actually a byproduct of bleach when combined with ammonia. A few other elements that are created as a byproduct include hydrochloric acid, chlorine gas and hydrazine.
What causes mustard gas reaction?
* Mustard Gas can cause severe skin burns and blisters. * Breathing Mustard Gas can irritate the lungs causing coughing and/or shortness of breath. Higher exposures can cause a build-up of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema), a medical emergency, with severe shortness of breath.
Did the US use mustard gas in Vietnam?
Dow Chemical Company Headquarters are in Midland, Michigan. The company made mustard gas, a toxic blistering agent used in chemical warfare, during World War I. During the Vietnam War it produced napalm, a jellied incendiary reported to have been used indiscriminately against civilians and soldiers.
How is mustard gas made and what is it made of?
Mustard gas, also known as sulfur mustard, is the organic compound (CI-CH2-CH2)2S that is created when sulfur mustard is synthesized by treating sulfur dichloride with ethylene. There is other methods for creating this toxic chemical agent, but they all typically attack the same areas of the human anatomy,…
How is mustard gas synthesized in the Depretz method?
In the Depretz method, mustard gas is synthesized by treating sulfur dichloride with ethylene : SCl 2 + 2 C 2 H 4 → (ClCH 2 CH 2) 2 S In the Levinstein process, disulfur dichloride is used instead: 8 S 2 Cl 2 + 16 C 2 H 4 → 8 (ClCH 2 CH 2) 2 S + S 8
What is the specific gravity of mustard gas?
Specific gravity 1.2741 at 20°C/4°C (liquid) 1.338 at 13°C (solid)a Melting point 13°C to 14°Ca Boiling point 215°C to 217°Ca Log K ow 2.41b Water solubility 0.000684 g/L at 25°Ca Vapor pressure 0.11 mm Hg at 25°Ca Vapor density relative to air 5.4a Sources: aHSDB 2009, bChemIDplus 2009. Use
What kind of solvent is mustard gas soluble in?
Mustard gas is a suflur mustard alkylating agent that exists at room temperature as a colorless to yellow oily liquid with a sweet, agreeable odor (IARC 1975). It is insoluble in water, soluble in acetone, ben- zene, ethanol, ether, and other common organic solvents, miscible in petroleum ether, and highly soluble in lipids.