What is the real name for mustard gas?
Sulfur mustard is also known as “mustard gas or mustard agent,” or by the military designations H, HD, and HT. Sulfur mustard sometimes smells like garlic, onions, or mustard and sometimes has no odor. It can be a vapor (the gaseous form of a liquid), an oily-textured liquid, or a solid.
What is mustard gas Class 12?
Mustard gas is the common name given to 1,1-thiobis(2-chloroethane), a chemical warfare agent that is believed to have first been used near Ypres in Flanders on 12th July 1917. Its chemical formula is Cl-CH2-CH2-S-CH2-CH2-Cl.
Is bleach and ammonia mustard gas?
Phosgene gas, also known as mustard gas because of its color, is one of the most dangerous byproducts of bleach. It occurs when bleach comes into contact with ammonia. Ammonia is another common chemical used in cleaning; it is also a component of certain bodily fluids produced by the kidneys, including urine.
Which is the liquid state of mustard gas?
Although referred to as mustard gas, the compound is in liquid state at room temperature. The IUPAC name for the compound ClCH 2 CH 2 SCH 2 CH 2 Cl is 1-chloro-2- (2-chloroethylsulfanyl) ethane.
What is the formula for Levinstein mustard gas?
Levinstein mustard gas composes a considerable amount of bis(2-chloroethyl) polysulfides which have high sulfur content and have the general formula S x (CH 2 CH 2 Cl) 2. These polysulfides vary in composition and consist of bis(2-chloroethyl) disulfide, trisulfide, and pentasulfide.
What’s the chemical formula for sulfur in mustard?
2.2 Sulfur [&Mustards&]. Sulfur [&Mustard&] (SM) with the [&chemical&] name bis (2-chloroethyl) sulfide or bis (β-chloroethyl) sulfide and molecular [&formula&] C 4 H 8 Cl 2 S (Tables 1.1 and 1.2) is a poisonous [&chemical&] agent belonging to the blister/vesicant class of compounds.
How is mustard gas synthesized in the Depretz method?
In the Depretz method, mustard gas is synthesized by treating sulfur dichloride with ethylene : SCl 2 + 2 C 2 H 4 → (ClCH 2 CH 2) 2 S In the Levinstein process, disulfur dichloride is used instead: 8 S 2 Cl 2 + 16 C 2 H 4 → 8 (ClCH 2 CH 2) 2 S + S 8