What type of metal did the Mycenaeans use for weapons?
The Mycenaeans used metal mainly in the manufacture of jewellery, vases, tools and weapons. Bronze was substantially employed for the manufacture of tools, weapons and vases whereas jewellery were made of gold, silver, electrum and niello.
What tools did the Mycenaeans use?
The Mycenaeans used swords for hand to hand combat as well as bows and arrows for ranged combat. Javelins were used for the distances in between and would be thrown at the enemy. Mycenaeans also made small knives and daggers out of stone, particularly obsidian.
Did Mycenaeans use phalanx?
The Precursor to Greek Phalanx – Evidenced mostly from pictorial depictions and extant grave specimens, historians are almost certain that the Mycenaeans, like their later Classical Greek counterparts, had a penchant for employing the massed ‘shoulder to shoulder’ formations of heavy infantrymen wielding stout spears.
What event was the last legendary Mycenaean campaign?
In 1988, Manfred Korfmann excavated an ancient maritime cemetery near the hill believed to be the site of ancient Tory; althought some scholars disagree, Korfmann believes the Trojan War was a struggle for control of a crucial waterway in the in the Aegean Sea; in any event, the attack on Troy was probably one of the …
What was an impressive piece of military technology of the Mycenaeans?
In the 13th century BC, Mycenaean units underwent a transformation in tactics and weaponry and became more uniform and flexible and their weapons became smaller and lighter. Some representative types of Mycenaean armor/weapons were the boar’s tusk helmet and the “Figure-of-eight” shield.
What are the mycenaeans best known for?
Mycenaean culture dominated southern Greece, but is perhaps best known for the site of Mycenae itself, which includes the citadel (with a palace), and is surrounded by different forms of tombs and other structures. Mycenaean culture firmly establishes itself in the late Bronze Age, specifically, around 1600 B.C.E.
What defeated the phalanx?
At the Battle of Cynocephalae in 197 BCE, the Romans defeated the Greek phalanx easily because the Greeks had failed to guard the flanks of their phalanx and, further, the Greek commanders could not turn the mass of men who comprised the phalanxes quickly enough to counter the strategies of the Roman army and, after …
Why did armies stop using the phalanx?
What caused the collapse of Mycenaean civilization?
Suggestions from scholars to explain the general collapse of the Mycenaean culture (and other contemporary ones in the Mediterranean) include natural disaster (earthquakes, volcanic explosions, and tsunami), overpopulation, internal social and political unrest, invasion from foreign tribes such as the Sea Peoples.
Why did the Dorians destroyed the mycenaeans?
On the one hand, it is possible that the destruction of the Mycenaean centres was caused by the wandering of northern people (Dorian migration): destroying the palace of Iolcos (LH III C-1), the palace of Thebes ( late LH III B), then crossing Isthmus of Corinth (end of LH III B) and destroying Mycenae, Tiryns and …
What kind of military did the Mycenaeans have?
The military nature of Mycenaean Greece (c. 1600–1100 BC) in the Late Bronze Age is evident by the numerous weapons unearthed, warrior and combat representations in contemporary art, as well as by the preserved Greek Linear B records. The Mycenaeans invested in the development of military infrastructure…
What kind of armour did the Mycenaeans wear?
The use of scale armour is evident during the later Mycenaean centuries, as shown on iconography and archaeological finds. In general, most features of the later hoplite panoply of classical Greek antiquity, were already known to Mycenaean Greece. Chariot depiction in a fresco from Pylos, c. 1350 BC.
What kind of weapons did the mycaneans use?
Simple bronze flat or flanged axes were used throughout Greece from the early Bronze Age onwards as utility tools and makeshift weapons. However, in the 15th century, the Mycaneans occupied Minoan Crete, which had collapsed due to the gigantic Thera eruption or a similarly sized earthquake.
What kind of weapons did the ancient Greeks use?
Single-edged swords have a hooked handle suggesting they were hung directly from a belt. Greek weapons were revolutionized by the 1200 B.C. with the arrival of the slashing sword. This design originated in Italy but then spread north into Britain and Scandinavia, only reaching Mycenaean civilization centuries later.