What are the 2 methods of ore extraction?

What are the 2 methods of ore extraction?

Smelting and Electrolysis Metal is extracted from the crushed ore by one of two major methods: smelting or electrolysis. Smelting uses heat to separate the valuable metal from the rest of the ore.

Which are the important methods of mining?

There are four main methods of mining: underground, surface, placer and in-situ. The type of mining method used depends on the kind of resource that is being targeted for extraction, the deposit’s location below or on the Earth’s surface and the capacity of each method to profitably extract the resource.

What are the two types of mining in geography?

Mining is the process or business of extraction or removal of valuable minerals, ores or other geological materials from the earth. It can be broadly classified into two—surface and under-ground mining.

How many types of mining methods are there?

In general, there are four types of mining methods: Underground Mining, Surface Mining, Placer Mining, and In-Situ Mining.

Which are the two main techniques of mining Class 8?

There are two main methods of mining, viz. open-cast mining and shaft mining. Open Cast Mining: When minerals are taken out by removing the surface layer, the process is called open-cast mining. Minerals which lie at shallow depths are extracted by this process.

What are the 3 methods of mining?

Open-pit, underwater, and underground mining. These are the three main methods of mining we use to extract our products from the ground.

What are the 5 types of mining?

There are five recognized types of surface mining, each with specific variations depending on the minerals being extracted. These include strip mining, open-pit mining, mountaintop removal, dredging and highwall mining.

What is drilling Class 8?

Drilling: When deep wells are bored to take out the mineral, the process is called drilling. Petroleum and natural gas are extracted by this method. Quarrying: When minerals are simply dug out from near the surface, the process is called quarrying.

What is an ore Class 8?

Answer: A rock from which a particular mineral can be profitably extracted is called an ore. The ores of metallic minerals are generally located in igneous and metamorphic rocks.

What are the four main types of mining?

The American Geosciences web site defines four main mining methods: underground, open surface (pit), placer, and in-situ mining.

  • Underground mines are more expensive and are often used to reach deeper deposits.
  • Surface mines are typically used for more shallow and less valuable deposits.

What is the best type of mining?

Surface mining is best suited to extract minerals that are close to the surface of the earth. It is also usually a more cost-effective mining method compared to underground mining. Common minerals extracted using surface mining are some of the most mined including coal, iron and bauxite.

What is the most common technique for mining?

The most common surface mining technique is open-pit mining (Figure 1), where a commodity is extracted via an open pit in the ground. This is an extremely cost effect way of removing a resource because large quantities can be removed with minimal effort. Other surface techniques include quarrying and strip mining.

What are the two main methods of mining?

Surface mining and deep underground mining are the two basic methods of mining. The choice of mining method depends primarily on depth, density, overburden , and thickness of the coal seam; seams relatively close to the surface, at depths less than approximately 180 ft (55 m), are usually surface mined.

What is the most efficient mining method?

Branch mining is the most efficient. There’s a mathematical analysis on it in the official forums (the link is to an archive of the post). Here’s a brief description of branch mining: You dig down to the bedrock, because that’s where you’re going to find the most different kinds of stuff.

What are the three gold mining methods?

Cut-and-Fill Stoping. Cut-and-fill stoping is a preferred method for high grade ore bodies with a steep dip size or irregular shape or vein structure.

  • Long-Hole Sublevel Stoping.
  • Shrinkage Stoping.
  • Room-and-Pillar Mining.
  • Sublevel Caving.
  • Block Caving.
  • Panel Caving.
  • Open Pit Mining.
  • Longwall Mining.