How much plutonium did Hanford?
The Hanford reactors produced 67.4 metric tons of plutonium including 54.5 MT of weapon grade plutonium through 1987 before the last Hanford production reactor was shutdown.
How long was plutonium manufactured at Hanford?
Hanford was at its peak production from 1956 to 1965. Over the entire 40 years of operations, the site produced about 63 short tons (57 t) of plutonium, supplying the majority of the 60,000 weapons in the U.S. arsenal.
Why was Hanford chosen as the site for plutonium production check all that apply?
Its site in Hanford was chosen because it wasn’t very populated which helped to decrease risks in the event of an accident. Being near the Grand Coulee Dam helped with the electricity that would be needed and the water from the Columbia River was could enough to help with plutonium production.
What was unique or a first for the B Reactor at Hanford Washington?
Completed in September 1944, the B Reactor was the world’s first large-scale plutonium production reactor. As at Oak Ridge, the need for labor turned Hanford into an atomic boomtown, with the population reaching 50,000 by summer 1944.
Is Hanford still active?
Today the Hanford site encompasses 586 square miles. Over time, the plutonium production complex grew to nine reactors, all now closed. Hanford is the site of the only operating nuclear power plant in the Northwest, the Columbia Generating Station operated by Energy Northwest.
How did the United States handle the Hanford facility?
In 1989, the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and Washington State Department of Ecology entered into a legally binding accord, the Tri-Party Agreement (TPA), to clean up the Hanford Site.
Why did they build Hanford?
Hanford Site, also called (1943–46) Hanford Engineer Works or (1947–76) Hanford Nuclear Reservation, large U.S. nuclear site established during World War II for the production of plutonium, some of which was used in the first atomic bomb. Their purpose was to synthesize plutonium from uranium.
Is Fukushima worse than Chernobyl?
Chernobyl is widely acknowledged to be the worst nuclear accident in history, but a few scientists have argued that the accident at Fukushima was even more destructive. Both events were far worse than the partial meltdown of a nuclear reactor at Three Mile Island near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.
What kind of plutonium was produced at Hanford?
The chief product of the Hanford reactors was weapon grade plutonium, however, non-weapon grade plutonium and occasionally Tritium, Polonium-210, Uranium-233, Thulium-170, Iridium-192, and other special use isotopes were also produced. Specific dates of operations of the Hanford production reactors follow:
Where did the US get its plutonium from?
The United States Government has used 14 plutonium production reactors at the Hanford and Savannah River sites to produce plutonium for the U.S. nuclear weapons stockpile and DOE research and development programs. From 1944 to 1994, these reactors produced 103.4 [note 12] metric tons of plutonium; 67.4 MT at Hanford, and 36.1 at Savannah River.
How much plutonium is produced in a nuclear reactor?
♦ About 0.25 kg of plutonium is produced annually per megawatt of thermal capacity (at an 80% capacity factor). (Thus, a 20-MWt reactor has a production potential of about 1 bomb per year.)
What kind of plutonium was produced at Savannah River?
The Savannah River reactors produced primarily weapon grade plutonium with a Pu-240 content of about 6 percent. Starting in 1981, to increase the availability of plutonium for the weapons program, the Savannah River P, K, C-Reactors were operated to produce weapon grade plutonium with a 3 percent Pu-240 content.