What was a colliery Hewer?
A hewer (German: Hauer or Häuer) is a miner who loosens rock and minerals in a mine. In medieval mining in Europe a Hauer was the name given to a miner who had passed his test (Hauerprüfung) as a hewer.
What is a Hewer in mining?
The Hewer. The hewer’s job was to mine the coal from the coal seam. He would use hand tools such as a sharp pick. The hewer would have to work in an area no taller than the height of the coal seam, which could be less than 60 cm. The hewer would work with a single candle to enable him to see what he was doing.
What did a pit deputy do?
Workings and roadways at a level below the pit bottom. A “deputy overman”, deputy, fireman (North Wales and parts of Lancashire) or examiner (South Wales) was an underground official who had supervision of a district and the men working in it.
What is a mine trapper?
The trapper was often the youngest member of the family working underground. Their job was simple: to open and close the wooden doors (trap doors) that allowed fresh air to flow through the mine. They would usually sit in total darkness for up to twelve hours at a time, waiting to let the coal tub through the door.
What was a Hitcher?
/ˈhɪtʃ.haɪ.kɚ/ someone who travels by getting free rides in someone else’s vehicle: Jack often picks up hitchhikers. We let the two hitchhikers out at the border.
What is a shaft boy?
boys employed to drive the horses, that draw the sledges, rollies and wagons, from the crane to the shaft. 1849: A boy employed in driving the horses on the main road underground. He is usually 14 or 15 years of age.
What is the boss of a mine called?
Boss – Any member of the managerial ranks who is directly in charge of miners (e.g., “shift-boss,” “face-boss,” “fire-boss,” etc.).
What is mining short?
Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the Earth, usually from an ore body, lode, vein, seam, reef, or placer deposit. Mining in a wider sense includes extraction of any non-renewable resource such as petroleum, natural gas, or even water.
What does sinking a pit mean?
A pit being ‘sunk’ simply means when the pit shafts were dug out for the cages that that took the miners down to the bottom.
What did a trapper do in the mine?
Trappers were responsible for the opening and closing of underground ventilation doors. In those old mines, they had a system of doors between sections to direct the flow of air.
What jobs do miners do?
Miners operate machinery and equipment to dig, load and transport ore, coal, rock and sand underground or in open-cut mines. It’s common for Miners to work in rural and remote locations, often living a fly-in/fly-out lifestyle.
Why does The Hitcher kill?
Its natural for most people when they have a knife being held at their throat to just do as your told, instead Jim fights back in doing so he seals his fate and Ryder chooses him to kill him as he could see the potential in him.
What does it mean to work in a colliery?
a workplace consisting of a coal mine plus all the buildings and equipment connected with it Familiarity information: COLLIERY used as a noun is very rare. Dictionary entry details
What’s the difference between a pit and a colliery?
colliery – a workplace consisting of a coal mine plus all the buildings and equipment connected with it. pit. coal mine, coalpit – a mine where coal is dug from the ground. mine – excavation in the earth from which ores and minerals are extracted. workplace, work – a place where work is done; “he arrived at work early today”.
What was the significance of a colliery explosion?
The men’s rapid deterioration was attracting widespread concern in much the same way colliery explosions had in the first half of the nineteenth century. The loss of mine, machinery, and manpower in colliery explosions released a ‘runaway train ‘ of social progress. These examples are from the Cambridge English Corpus and from sources on the web.
Why was the Earth Centre built on the site of a colliery?
Two collieries, among the fields, waved their small white plumes of steam. The Earth Centre is built on the site of a former colliery. The men’s rapid deterioration was attracting widespread concern in much the same way colliery explosions had in the first half of the nineteenth century.