What is a nitrogen bomb made of?
Explosives made of ammonium nitrate, a common form of nitrogen fertilizer, are widely used in industry and have largely replaced dynamite in the blasting of rock for mines and roadcuts, according to Jimmie Oxley, a specialist in the material at the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology in Socorro.
Does nitrogen explode?
On vaporization it expands by a factor of 700; one liter of liquid nitrogen becomes 24.6 cubic feet of nitrogen gas. This can cause explosion of a sealed container, or it can displace oxygen in the room and cause suffocation without warning.
Who invented nitrogen bomb?
Fritz Haber found a way of making nitrogen compounds from the air. They have two main uses: fertilizers and explosives. His process enabled Germany to produce vast quantities of armaments.
How does nitrogen bomb work?
The ammonium and nitrate molecules break down, and a large amount of oxygen gas is suddenly formed. The gas released from the decomposing fertilizer is what drives the explosion. The rapid release of oxygen, along with the energy from the detonation wave, ignites the fuel.
What is the difference between an atomic bomb and a thermonuclear bomb?
The yield of a thermonuclear bomb can be hundreds to thousands of times more powerful than the atomic bomb. The explosive power of an atomic bomb is often measured in kilotons, or one thousand tons of TNT, while thermonuclear bombs are generally measured in megatons, or one million tons of TNT.
Why do most explosives have nitrogen?
Presence of nitrogen Most organic explosives are explosive because they contain nitrogen. Therefore, little energy is required to overcome these weak bonds, but a great deal of energy is released in the exothermic process in which the strong triple bonds in N2 are formed.
Is it safe to breathe nitrogen?
Because 78 percent of the air we breathe is nitrogen gas, many people assume that nitrogen is not harmful. However, nitrogen is safe to breathe only when mixed with the appropriate amount of oxygen. These two gases cannot be detected by the sense of smell.
Is nitrogen good for the Earth?
Nitrogen is essential to life on Earth. It is a component of all proteins, and it can be found in all living systems. Nitrogen compounds are present in organic materials, foods, fertilizers, explosives and poisons. Nitrogen is crucial to life, but in excess it can also be harmful to the environment.
Why is nitro so explosive?
Take the quiz. Nitroglycerin, with the molecular formula C3H5(ONO2)3, has a high nitrogen content (18.5 percent) and contains sufficient oxygen atoms to oxidize the carbon and hydrogen atoms while nitrogen is being liberated, so that it is one of the most powerful explosives known.
How is nitrogen dangerous?
High concentrations of nitrogen gas can be particularly harmful to human health. Nitrogen can displace oxygen from ambient air within an enclosed space leading to a dangerous build-up of the inert gas.
What is nitrogen bomb?
In the early 20th century a couple of German scientists/engineers developed a method for converting N2 gas (a form of N not usable by plants or for making explosives) to nitrate and ammonia. …
Is the Moab stronger than the atomic bomb?
He claimed the bomb’s capabilities are comparable to nuclear weapons, but unlike nuclear weaponry known for its radioactive fallout, use of the weapon does not damage or pollute the environment beyond the blast radius. In comparison, the MOAB produces the equivalent of 11 tons of TNT from 8 tons of high explosive.
Can a hydrogen bomb be used as a trigger for an atomic bomb?
In other words, an atomic bomb can be used as a trigger for a hydrogen bomb. Take a look at the definition of each type of bomb and understand the distinction between them. An atomic bomb or A-bomb is a nuclear weapon that explodes due to the extreme energy released by nuclear fission.
How are nuclear bombs different from atomic bombs?
Hydrogen bombs use an atomic bomb to ignite a nuclear fusion bomb – this is fusing hydrogen istopes together to form helium. This releases a lot more energy, especially as the neutrons released by the fusion part of the bomb makes the fission part more efficient. Naked Science Forum King! Live your life to the full!
How much energy does an atomic bomb release?
The energy output of the reaction can range to the equivalent of about a ton of the explosive TNT up to 500 kilotons of TNT. The bomb also releases radioactive fission fragments, which result from the heavy nuclei breaking into smaller ones. Nuclear fallout mainly consists of fission fragments.
What kind of radiation does a nuclear bomb emit?
Nuclear weapons emit large amounts of thermal radiation as visible, infrared, and ultraviolet light, to which the atmosphere is largely transparent. This is known as “Flash”. The chief hazards are burns and eye injuries.