What is electric convection current?

What is electric convection current?

(Or convective current.) Any net transport of electric charge effected through mass motions of some charged medium; any electric current induced by other than electrical forces. …

What are convection currents associated with?

Geologists have hypothesized that the movement of tectonic plates is related to convection currents in the earth’s mantle. Convection currents describe the rising, spread, and sinking of gas, liquid, or molten material caused by the application of heat.

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What are convection currents responsible for?

Convection currents are responsible for the movement of tectonic plates on the crust of the Earth. The mantle has convection currents that cause the plates to move which cause the plates of the crust to move.

What exactly are convection currents?

Convection currents are the result of differential heating. Lighter (less dense), warm material rises while heavier (more dense) cool material sinks. It is this movement that creates circulation patterns known as convection currents in the atmosphere, in water, and in the mantle of Earth.

What is an example of a convection current?

A simple example of convection currents is warm air rising toward the ceiling or attic of a house. Warm air is less dense than cool air, so it rises. Wind is an example of a convection current. Sunlight or reflected light radiates heat, setting up a temperature difference that causes the air to move.

What are some characteristics of convection?

In meteorology, convection is the transfer of heat and other atmospheric properties by the movement of masses of air, particularly in an upward direction. In geology, it is the slow movement of material below the Earth’s crust. Some convection is manmade.

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What are the steps of convection currents?

Put the following steps of the convection process in the correct order.

  • Gravity pulls cooler matter downward.
  • The matter expands and decreases in density.
  • An up-and-down flow of matter produces a convection current.
  • Matter is heated.
  • Warmed matter is forced upward.

Where do convection currents occur?

Convection currents in the Earth occur in the mantle. The core of the Earth is extremely hot, and material in the mantle close to the core is heated…

What happens when convection currents occur?

convection currents occur when a heated fluid expands, becoming less dense, and rises. The fluid then cools and contracts, becoming more dense, and sinks.

What is the importance of mantle convection?

This flow, called mantle convection, is an important method of heat transport within the Earth. Mantle convection is the driving mechanism for plate tectonics, which is the process ultimately responsible for producing earthquakes, mountain ranges, and volcanos on Earth.

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What would happen if there were no convection currents?

If for some reason convection stopped, air would not circulate, and weather would stop. Air wouldn’t flow over the waters, suck up moisture and then rain it out on land. Without this rain, all plants and crops would die.

What are 5 examples of convection current?

13 Examples Of Convection In Everyday Life

  • Breeze. The formation of sea and land breeze form the classic examples of convection.
  • Boiling Water. Convection comes into play while boiling water.
  • Blood Circulation in Warm-Blooded Mammals.
  • Air-Conditioner.
  • Radiator.
  • Refrigerator.
  • Hot Air Popper.
  • Hot Air Balloon.