What chemicals make up a nuclear bomb?
Atomic bombs are made up of a fissile element, such as uranium, that is enriched in the isotope that can sustain a fission nuclear chain reaction. When a free neutron hits the nucleus of a fissile atom like uranium-235 (235U), the uranium splits into two smaller atoms called fission fragments, plus more neutrons.
How long after nuclear bomb does radiation last?
For the survivors of a nuclear war, this lingering radiation hazard could represent a grave threat for as long as 1 to 5 years after the attack.
What kind of chemicals are used in nuclear weapons?
Here are the chemicals used in nuclear weapons: Fissile is a material which sustain a nuclear chain reaction to create a powerful energy. Materials that include as fissile are plutonium and uranium Plutonium is a rare chemical element with symbol Pu and atomic number 94 which was named after Pluto, which once used to consider as planet.
Which is the most destructive type of nuclear bomb?
A nuclear weapon (also called an atom bomb, nuke, atomic bomb, nuclear warhead, A-bomb, or nuclear bomb) is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions ( thermonuclear bomb ). Both bomb types release large quantities …
How many people were killed by chemical weapons in World War 2?
Some 1.3 million gas casualties were recorded, which may have included up to 260,000 civilian casualties. The interwar years saw occasional use of chemical weapons, mainly to put down rebellions. In Nazi Germany, much research went into developing new chemical weapons, such as potent nerve agents.
What kind of radiation is produced by a nuclear bomb?
The detonation of any nuclear weapon is accompanied by a blast of neutron radiation. Surrounding a nuclear weapon with suitable materials (such as cobalt or gold) creates a weapon known as a salted bomb. This device can produce exceptionally large quantities of long-lived radioactive contamination.