What are the conditions for a body to be in equilibrium?
For an object to be in equilibrium, it must be experiencing no acceleration. This means that both the net force and the net torque on the object must be zero. Here we will discuss the first condition, that of zero net force.
Can a body be in equilibrium when only force acts on it?
If there is only one external force (or torque) acting on an object, it cannot be in equilibrium. True, as the sum of forces cannot be zero in this case unless the force itself is zero. If an object is in equilibrium there must be an even number of forces acting on it.
What are the two conditions for equilibrium?
Conditions for equilibrium require that the sum of all external forces acting on the body is zero (first condition of equilibrium), and the sum of all external torques from external forces is zero (second condition of equilibrium). These two conditions must be simultaneously satisfied in equilibrium.
What are the three conditions of equilibrium?
A solid body submitted to three forces whose lines of action are not parallel is in equilibrium if the three following conditions apply :
- The lines of action are coplanar (in the same plane)
- The lines of action are convergent (they cross at the same point)
- The vector sum of these forces is equal to the zero vector.
Can a moving object be in equilibrium?
A moving object is in equilibrium if it moves with a constant velocity; then its acceleration is zero. A zero acceleration is the fundamental characteristic of an object in equilibrium.
Can a body have zero velocity and finite acceleration?
This acceleration is the gravitational acceleration. At that point the component of acceleration/gravitational acceleration works there. So, at the topmost point the velocity is zero but acceleration is not and has a finite value. Therefore, a body can have zero velocity and finite acceleration.
Why Cannot a body be in equilibrium due to single force acting on it?
Explanation: A body cannot be in the state of equilibrium if only a single force acts on it because we need two or more forces equal in magnitude but opposite in direction to cancel out each other.
Why can single force system be in equilibrium?
You need to have a balance of the forces to keep an object in equilibrium. This means if a force is pushing to the right, you need a force pushing back to the left, with an equal amount of strength.
How do you know if a rod is in equilibrium?
For an object to remain in equilibrium, two conditions must be satisfied – both the net force and the net torque must be equal to zero. An example of an object in equilibrium is a rod that is free to rotate about a hinge at one end.
Why do we need a second condition for equilibrium?
The second condition necessary to achieve equilibrium involves avoiding accelerated rotation (maintaining a constant angular velocity. A rotating body or system can be in equilibrium if its rate of rotation is constant and remains unchanged by the forces acting on it.
What is the first condition of equilibrium?
Two conditions must be met to achieve equilibrium, which is defined to be motion without linear or rotational acceleration. The first condition necessary to achieve equilibrium is that the net external force on the system must be zero, so that F = 0.
What are the laws of equilibrium?
First Law: When a body is in equilibrium, the vector sum of the forces acting on it is zero. Second Law: When a body is in equilibrium, the sum of the moments about any point is zero. The sum of the clockwise and the anticlockwise moments, to two significant figures, is zero.