What are the precautions to be taken while using xylene?
Personal Precautions: Keep unnecessary and unprotected personnel out of spill area. Eliminate all ignition sources. Use grounded, explosion-proof equipment. Methods for Containment and Clean-up: Small spills or leaks: contain and soak up spill with absorbent that does not react with spilled product.
Is xylene smell toxic?
Xylene’s odor generally provides adequate warning of hazardous concentrations. Xylene is rapidly absorbed after inhalation and ingestion. Exposure via ingestion and inhalation produces systemic toxicity.
What type of hazard is xylene?
Xylene (C8H10) is a colorless, flammable liquid with a sweet odor. Exposure to xylene can irritate the eyes, nose, skin, and throat. Xylene can also cause headaches, dizziness, confusion, loss of muscle coordination, and in high doses, death. Workers may be harmed from exposure to xylene.
How do you neutralize xylene?
Heat is the best way to remove xylene traces from objects, and this can be achieved with either a stove or an oven.
- Fill a pot large enough to hold your xylene-covered object with water.
- Submerge the xylene-coated object in the water, and allow it to boil for as long as possible, at least one hour and up to four hours.
How do I get rid of xylene?
Can I use xylene instead of mineral spirits?
Toluene, nicknamed “toluol,” and xylene, nicknamed “xylol,” are the strong, smelly, fast evaporating and “dry” parts of mineral spirits and naphtha. Toluene and xylene are very effective as oil and grease removers, but naphtha should be adequate for most situations.
How long does xylene stay in your system?
Usually, most of the xylene that is taken in leaves the body within 18 hours after exposure ends. About 4–10% of absorbed xylene may be stored in fat, which may prolong the time needed for xylene to leave the body.
What does xylene do to the body?
The main effect of inhaling xylene vapor is depression of the central nervous system, with symptoms such as headache, dizziness, nausea and vomiting. The effects listed below can begin to occur with exposure to air levels of about 100 ppm.
What happens if you inhale xylene?
Breathing xylene vapors in small amounts can cause headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. With more serious exposure, xylene can cause sleepiness, stumbling, irregular heartbeat, fainting, or even death. Xylene vapors are mildly irritating to the skin, eyes, and lungs.
Which is the odor threshold for mixed xylenes?
The odor threshold for m-xylene is 1.1 ppm. (4) The chemical formula for mixed xylenes is C H , and the molecular weight is 106.16 g/mol. (1) The vapor pressure for mixed xylenes is 6.72 8 m 10 m Hg at 21 °C, and the log octanol/water partition coefficient (log K ow) is 3.12 3.20. (1) Conversion Factors:
What are the three isomers of xylene in water?
m-, o-, and p-Xylene are the three isomers of xylene; commercial or mixed xylene usually contains about 40-65% m-xylene and up to 20% each of o- and p-xylene and ethylbenzene. (1) Mixed xylenes are colorless liquids that are practically insoluble in water and have a sweet odor. (1) The odor threshold for m-xylene is 1.1 ppm. (4)
Is the odor of xylene harmful to humans?
Xylene is a clear, colorless liquid. It is volatile, readily producing flammable and toxic concentrations at room temperature. Its vapor is heavier than air and may accumulate in low-lying areas. Xylene’s odor generally provides adequate warning of hazardous concentrations.
What is the boiling point of 2 chlorophenol?
2-chlorophenol appears as a colorless to amber liquid with an unpleasant, penetrating odor. Density 1.265 g / cm3. Sinks in water and slowly dissolves. Freezing point 7°C (46°F). Boiling point 175°C (347°F). 2-chlorophenol is a monochlorophenol and a 2-halophenol.