What do the numbers mean on a rifle?

What do the numbers mean on a rifle?

Every cartridge is named differently. In the case of the 30 -30 and 45/70, the first number is the caliber of the bullet like the 22 and the 2nd number is the number of grains of black powder they took when they were developed.

What are breech markings?

Breech face marks- These marks come from the area surrounding the firing pin of the gun. After the cartridge powder is ignited by the firing pin striking the primer cup, tremendous pressure is exerted in the chamber of the weapon, forcing the back of the cartridge case against the breech face of the weapon.

What do the numbers mean in caliber?

Caliber usually is measured as the diameter of the bore from land to opposite land and is expressed in hundredths of an inch, thousandths of an inch, or millimeters. For example, a . Caliber designations sometimes have a second number that has nothing to do with the diameter. For example, the popular . 30-30 is a .

What are three different types of breech face marks?

There are three types of breech presentation: complete, incomplete, and frank.

What do the markings on a rifle mean?

These markings are often used to identify surplus rifles. Match the cartridge the rifle fires with a likely country of origin and model.

Why do some guns have two proof marks?

Captured weapons from major wars occasionally show two different nationalities of proof marks. This is acceptable since the gun was proofed in a national proof house after original manufacture and again when the gun was exported to a different country as a military acquisition.

How can I tell if a rifle is an imported rifle?

Many imported rifles are stamped according to federal regulations and that stamp will settle your identification process quickly. Examine the rifle for any other identifying markings on the receiver and on the stock; the original armorer may have stamped the rifle with markings identifying the factory of manufacture.

How can I tell if my rifle is a short or long action?

The best way to tell if you own a short or long action rifles is to find the make, model, and chambering as outlined above, and then consult the manufacturer’s website or customer service line. Knowing whether your rifle is a short or long action is important if ordering replacement parts, especially aftermarket stocks.