What is transactional model of stress?
The transactional model of stress and coping proposes that stress is experienced as an appraisal (an evaluation) of the situation we find ourselves in. Specifically, the transactional model suggests we go through two stages of appraisal before feeling and responding to stress.
Who proposed the transactional model of stress?
Lazarus and Folkman
Psychological well-being was proposed as the outcome in the original Transactional Model by Lazarus and Folkman (1987). To operationalize psychological well-being in this study, we used depressive symptoms as these reflect one major sub-construct of psychological well-being.
What are the two stages of the Lazarus and Folkman 1984 transactional model of stress?
This relationship goes through two important phases that are (1) cognitive appraisals and (2) coping. Cognitive appraisal is the “process of categorizing an encounter, and its various facets, with respect to its significance for well-being” (Lazarus and Folkman, 1984, p.
What is the theory for stress?
Stress theory is a social theory that explains observations about stress, an aspect of social life. Theories use con- cepts that represent classes of phenomena to explain observations. A vari- able, a special type of concept that varies, is composed of a set of attributes (Babbie, 2004).
What is the common feature of transactional model of communication?
The transactional is the most dynamic of communication models. One notable feature of this model is the move from referring to people as senders and receivers to referring to people as communicators. This implies that communication is achieved as people both send and receive messages.
What is a transactional model?
Transactional model, generally speaking, refers to a model in which interactions in two directions are considered together, for example from one person to another and back, or from one subsystem to another and back.
What is the transactional model of stress and coping?
Stress is a product of primary and secondary appraisals. The transactional model of stress and coping proposes that stress is experienced as an appraisal (an evaluation) of the situation we find ourselves in. Specifically, the transactional model suggests we go through two stages of appraisal before feeling and responding to stress.
How is Lazarus and Folkman transactional model used in coping?
Knussen & Sloper (1992) presented the Lazarus and Folkman Transactional Model on Coping and Stress in relation to stress in families of children with a disability. The paper was able to provide a number of literature-based characteristics of the model as well as to provide the author’s own insights regarding the strength of the same.
Which is a better description of the transactional model?
Robson & Cook (1995) provided an even better description of the Transactional Model compared to Knussen & Sloper (1992) because their paper was based on the actual descriptions of Lazarus and Folkman. The paper provided more than enough information to be able to give a complete rendition of the merits and characteristics of the model.
Which is the best model for stress and coping?
The Transactional Model on Stress and Coping by Lazarus and Folkman has been acknowledged as a competent theoretical framework. It has even been considered as the most influential model developed thus far.