What are cluster bombs made of?
A basic cluster bomb consists of a hollow shell and then two to more than 2,000 submunitions or bomblets contained within it. Some types are dispensers that are designed to be retained by the aircraft after releasing their munitions.
When were cluster bombs first used?
World War II
These sensor-fuzed submunitions are designed to sense and destroy vehicles without creating an extensive hazard area of unexploded submunitions. Cluster bombs were first used in World War II, and inclusive of their debut, cluster munitions have been used in at least 21 states by at least 13 different countries.
What is the meaning of cluster bomb?
A cluster munition, or cluster bomb, is a weapon containing multiple explosive submunitions. Cluster munitions are dropped from aircraft or fired from the ground or sea, opening up in mid-air to release tens or hundreds of submunitions, which can saturate an area up to the size of several football fields.
Does the United States still use cluster bombs?
In November 2017, the US reversed a long-standing policy requiring its forces to not use cluster munitions that result in more than 1% unexploded ordnance (UXO) after 2018. The US last used cluster munitions during the 2003 invasion of Iraq, with the exception of a single attack in Yemen in 2009.
Why are cluster bombs bad?
Cluster bombs lack consistency; they are prone to external factors such as weather and deployment tactics. Their volatility renders it near impossible to predict the exact size of an area affected. The effects of cluster bombs usually include numerous civilian and child deaths because of the bomb’s unpredictability.
Does Pakistan have cluster bomb?
Pakistan has stated that it has never used cluster munitions. In 2019, Pakistan alleged that India used cluster munitions in the contested region of Kashmir. The Islamic Republic of Pakistan has not acceded to the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
How does cluster bomb work?
The cluster bomb is dropped from a plane or launched from the ground into the air, where the casing automatically opens and releases hundreds of bomblets – the size of a soup can or orange – over wide areas, frequently missing intended military targets and killing nearby civilians.
What strain is cluster bomb?
Cluster Bomb is an indica-dominant hybrid bred by Bomb Seeds. This strain takes the soaring sativa effects of Cinderella 99 and crosses them with Bomb #1, a proprietary strain that Bomb Seeds uses to influence their genetics.
What kind of bombs are used in cluster bombs?
The technology was developed independently by the United States, Russia and Italy (see Thermos bomb ). The US used the 20-lb M41 fragmentation bomb wired together in clusters of 6 or 25 with highly sensitive or proximity fuzes .
When did the US start using cluster munitions?
The internationally agreed definition of cluster munitions being negotiated in the Oslo Process may not include this type of weapon, since landmines are already covered by other international treaties. During the 1950s and 1960s, the United States and Soviet Union developed cluster weapons designed to deliver chemical weapons.
Why are cluster bombs so dangerous to civilians?
Because cluster bombs release many small bomblets over a wide area, they pose risks to civilians both during attacks and afterwards. Unexploded bomblets can kill or maim civilians and/or unintended targets long after a conflict has ended, and are costly to locate and remove.
Where did the US use cluster bombs in Vietnam?
The LBU-30 was tested at Eglin Air Force Base in 2000, by an F-16 flying at 20,000 feet (6,100 m). During the Vietnam War, the US used cluster bombs in air strikes against targets in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia.